Optimal balance of maltodextrin and fructose (2:1). Numerous studies show that combining fructose with maltodextrin may improve exercise performance, maximising gastric emptying rate and increases fluid absorption rate, delaying fatigue and delaying the onset of dehydration.
Taurine supplementation can improve exercise performance and reduce exercise induced muscle damage.
Phosphate supplementation and loading can enhance myocardial function, improve exercise performance and increase exercise oxidative capacity.
Magnesium is an essential element is energy metabolism and cell function. Dietary intake of magnesium is often insufficient in athletic populations. Physical exercise may deplete gnesium, which, together with a marginal dietary magnesium intake, may impair energy metabolism efficiency and the capacity for physical work as well as increasing immunosupression and oxidative damage caused by exercise.
Balanced electrolyte formula to optimise performance, reduce the risk of hyponatraemia and prolong glucose absorption.
Caffeine improves sprint, time trial and endurance exercise, increases fatty acid oxidation and spares muscle glycogen.
Caffeine increases exercise performance by reducing sensations of fatigue.